1830 Census of Bledsoe County, Tennessee
Images From The 1840 and 1850 Census of Bledsoe County
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1830 Bledsoe County, Tennessee
Thomas Shomak (Shoemake) In his household were listed
the following (all Free Colored Persons) page 279
Betsy Shomake (Shoemake). Living in her household (page
The third house away from John Thomas was the residence of Thomas Riddle from whom Robert Shoemake bought sixty-four acres of land ( D 327). On November 13, 1832
Note: Some believe that the John that died in 1813 was the John Shoemake that was shown living in Chesterfield County, SC when the 1800 Census were taken. If is true, and if what Moris K. Shoemake reported when filling an application with the US Department of Indiean Affairs, stating that his grandfather was John Shoemake, who was the father of John Fletcher Shoemake, I have a problem. According to Morris K., his grandfather John had a son by the name of James who was born in 1820. If the one in question died in 1813, then he could not have fathered a child in 1820.
Robert Shomake (Shoemake) Those living in his household
were all listed as Free Colored Persons. (Page 282) They were:
Sarah Shomak (Shoemake) Those living in her household
were all listed as Free Colored Persons. (Page 290) They were:
(See my notes at the bottom of this page concerning the above Shoemakes)
An Interesting Note
Entitled Thomas Records:
Here's the Story:
The following is recorded in the Circuit Court Docket Book of Bledsoe County Tennessee
The State of Tennessee Vs. Isaac Shoemake:
The Grand Jurors impamented, sworn and charged of the county of Bledsoe, Tennessee, returned to court a file of indictment against Isaac Shoemake for assault and battery and intent to rape a said Charity M. Mathis of Bledsoe County.
Note: Charity was the daughter of James Mathis,
Issac was carried and placed in Jail and locked
up. The Sheriff, Graven Sherrill was in charge of taking Isaac to jail
and locking him up. However within a matter of a few hours the sheriff,
Graven Sherrill, "did" let Isaac go.
Note From Sherry Rothwell:
Copy of 1840 Census Bledsoe County, Tennessee
1840 Census Bledsoe County, Tennessee
On the above page, page 22, Hannah is shown with
two boys in her home: The 1850 census show Hannah as being born in South
1850 Census of Bledsoe County, Tennessee
The following information was verified from four different
families who posted information on the Ancestry web.
In 1860 Hannah is shown on the Federal Census to be living in the home of her son Thomas. She is listed here as being 65 years of age and a Mulatto.(One can now see the variation in the recording of her age by the census taker).
In 1840 Census John Shoemake is shown to be between
40-50, being white. This fits the age of John Fletcher. He has listed
in his household as "Free Colored Persons"
1850 Census, Marion County, Tennessee
Below is is a closer view of the same image above, only shifted to the right of the page.
Note the top row on the right. It starts with 1, then 3,
then it skips 4 spaces and lists 1 girl, then 2 girls and last a female
between the age of 35 and 50. Apparently she is, John's wife
1840 Census Bledsoe County
In 1840, there is a Sarah, James, and a William Shoemake. The following couldn't have been the children of John Fletcher because of the ages. John Fletcher was born abt. 1795 and the following person's age makes them to old to have been the children of John Fletcher. The following is listed:
Sarah, listed as "Free Colored person"
has the following in her household:
James, listed as "Free Colored person"
in the 1850 census he is listed as a Mulatto. In the
1840 census he has the following in his household::
William listed as being white, but his
wife is listed as being "Free Colored person" and he has in
Note: Here Sarah, James and William are listed a "Free Colored Persons" later referred to as Mulattos, thus indicating being of Indian blood. Hannah is listed as a Mulatto in 1850 and John is white with his wife and children being listed as Mulattos. This would seem to indicate that they all are of the same family. Because their names appear so close on the census record, this indicates that they were living next to each other and if living next to each other it is fair to judge that they were related. A study of Morris K. Shoemake's application to the US Department of Indian Affaires states that they were brothers and sisters. (See my notes at the bottom of this page concerning James, William, Robert and John Fletcher).
Sarah is the 8th name from the top, followed by James and William. (See page image below)
Bledsoe County 1850 Census
*The following persons were living in Bledsoe County, TN
when the 1850 census were taken: (Taken from the 1850 Census Index)
In 1840 there were Scitty, Margaret, and Emaley Shoemake living in the home of Thomas Southerland, age 60, only 12 doors down from William, James and Sarah
Special Note: Morris K. Shoemake, B. Dec.24,
1832, who was living in Marion County, Tennessee in 1913, son of John
Fletcher Shoemake, and Mary, his mother, submitted the follow
on a document submitted to the US Department of Indian Affairs: He
said his siblings were:
1850 Census, Marion County, Tennessee
Morris K., also reported that his grandfather
was named John. The following are the children of his
grandfather, thus being his Aunts and Uncles:
>>>*The following persons were living in Bledsoe County, TN when the 1850 census were taken: (Taken from >>>>the 1850 Census Index)
The page image below shows James Shumake, age 30, a Mulatto. His wife is listed as Anis, age 29. Both were born in Tennessee. This James was listed on the Application filed by Morris K. Shoemake to the Department of Indian Affairs as his father's brother, who was the son a John Shoemake. See Morris K. Records.
Here is a note concerning Margaret, age
4 in 1850, daughter of James Shoemake. It was submitted by
Margaret Jane married Charles Ferguson on November 26, 1872
in Pikeville, Bledsoe, TN. Charles (parents Thomas L. Ferguson and Matilda
Childress) was born October 28, 1840 in Bledsoe County, TN. He died November
23, 1904 in Pikeville, Let, Bledsoe County, TN.
Below is the page image of the 1850 census of Bledsoe County
listing Hannah, age 52, a Mulatto, born in South Carolina. If her
age is correct she would have been born abt., 1798. She could not read
or write.In her household were 3 girls and an Alfred Skillorn.(Could
Alfred be of Indian descent? His names lends itself to an Indian name).
It is reported that Alfred Skillern, who was born on or
abt., July 17, 1819, Bledsoe County, the same who
It is reported that Mariah and Alfred Skillern had the following shildren:
-----1. Mary Skillern, B. 1847
It is also reported that after Mariah died in 1874, Alfred Skillern remarried to Mary Dukes.
Below is another page image showing William Shumake. His name is #337, or the 10th one down. He also is shown as being a Mulatto, age 45, born in Tennessee. His wife Fanny is 34, born in North Carolina; and Richard Shumake age 22. He is listed as a Mulatto, born in Tennessee.(It appears that Richard is William's son).
Below is the census image bearing the name of Scotty, a female, age 12; Margaret, age 11, and Emmly (?) age 7. These three girls were living in the home of Thomas Southerland. (1850)
Shown on the census image, 1850 census, Dicy Shumake is 54 years of age, born in SC, and is listed as a Mulatto. She has another female in her household, Sarah. who is 40 years of age, born in SC., She too is listed as a Mulatto. All those living in her household are Mulattos, born in Tennessee. Dicy was the daughter of John Shoemake and sister to John Fletcher according to Morris K. Shoemake. I can not understand or explain what relationship those in Dicy's household would be. Did Dicy have children? Was she married? Did she have children out of wedlock? More Information
Below is a conclusion I have reached as of February 20, 2006. This is subject to change.
Solving The Mystery of Bledsoe County Shoemakes.
Here is the problem we are running into with James, Robert, and William, who are said to be the sons of John Shoemake of SC. It is recorded that each of these men were born in Tennessee. Their ages match with those of John in SC in 1810, but the census state they were born in Tennessee. How do we deal with this? I don't know at the present.
In 1810 John had 3 boys under 10. This would account for Robert, and William. But it would not account for James for he was born abt., 1820 in Tennesse, and believed to be the son of John Fletcher.. John had one son between 10 and 16.in 1810, and this would account for John Fletcher. We must find that fourth son under 10 in 1810. (It is believed by some that the father of these four shoemakes moves to Jackson County, Alabama and is seen there on the 1830, 1840. amd 1850 census).
The missing son, could have been the John that died in 1813 in Bledsoe County whose will was administered by a John Thomas, believed to be his father-in-law. (See the 1850 census of Bledsoe County for Betsy Shomake living next door to a John Thomas.
The only other explanation I have at this point, is there was a John between the John that left SC and the John who is the father of Robert, William.James.and John Fletcher
It was interesting to me that I found a John Shoemake, age 55, born in SC., living in Overtone County, Tennessee when the 1850 census were taken. His wife's name was Hannah, she was 61 years of age, born in North Carolina, and the couple had two children: Jackson, age 25, a male, born in Tennessee, and Sarah, age 12, born in Tennessee. (These were listed as being white). Was this John part of the Chesterfield County, SC group? I do not know at the present.
Now for Samuel-He had a total of 4 sons
in SC. The birth dates for his sons in SC will match up to those found
in Bledsoe County for a David, and a Thomas. This leaves
two unaccounted for. Samuel [III]., that was last seen
in Chesterfield County in 1800. and one other son is missing. There was
a Bartimaus, abt 77 years of age in 1850 living in Bledsoe
County. This person could have been a son of Samuel who was between 90-100
when the 1830 census were taken. If this were true then all of Samuel's
sons [Samuel II] are accounted for except Samuel [III]., the son of Samuel