A Record of South Carolina

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The following is of the line of Shoemakes that settled in the Chesterfield County area of South Carolina. My line came from Moses Shoemake and I will be given over to tracing my family from him and tracing him back to John de la Chaumette.

--- i. JOHN7 DE LA SHOEMATE, b. Abt. 1708, London, England; d. 24 Aug 1784, Fauquier County, Virginia.
---ii. ANTOINE SHUMATE, b. Abt. 1706, Probably England; d. Martinique, French West Indies.

Remained in Martinque, he appears on a petition of the French planters on Martinique in 1725 as owning land - a plantation which remained in his family at least until the early 1800's.

--- iii. SAMUEL SHOEMAKE, b. Abt. 1710, Martinique, French West Indies; d. prior to 1790, in South Carolina..
--- iv. DANIEL SHUMATE, b. Abt. 1712, London, England; d. Abt. 1784, Fauquier County, Virginia.

Virginia Tobacco list of Overwharton Parrish in 1724 has John de la Shumate, and his three sons listed
* John Shumate Jr
Listed as over age 16 in 1724 Tobacco list
* Samuel Shumate
Listed as over age 14 in 1724 Tobacco list

* Daniel Shumate
Listed as over age 12 in 1724 Tobacco list
Quotes from Mrs. Jeanne Walters Strong, "Our Shoemake Roots"

"Another son of Jean de la Chaumetter, born about 1710, was Samuel. He was among the tobacco tenders at age 14 years in Overwharton Pariah, Stafford County, Virginia in 1724, along with his father and brothers, John and Daniel.

"While John and Daniel remained in the Elk Run area, Samuel moved away. He is listed in 1746 among the parishioners of Souther Parish, Goochland County. He had married a Lucy Blackley by that time, probably in Goochland County, since there was a John Blackle living next door to Samuel in 1748 in St. James Parish, Goochland County. Samuel is again listed in 1749 in St. James Northern Parish. His name is spelled in a different way in each year: Shewmake, Shumake and Shoemat.

"No marriage record for Samuel and Lucy has been found; nor have records of the births of their children. There were some Shoemakers listed in the "Douglas Register," compiled by William Douglas, who began in 1750, as minister of the parish. The relationship of these Shoemakers to Samuel is not known."

South Carolina

"When the first Federal census was taken in South Carolina in 1790, Samuel was apparently dead. His widow, Lucy Shumake, was listed in Cheraws District of South Carolina living with one male over 16 years old and three other females. Next door lived Samuel Shumake, her son; nearby lived Blackley Shoemake, another son. Her son, John had died about 1781.". (Our Shoemake Roots, by Jeanne Waters Strong

---Indentured servants seeking to establish their own farms sought the cheapest form of labor. Unfortunately, this was supplied by convicts "cast for transportation" to the plantations under the "Act of Parliament of 1718." Their services could be bought more cheaply than slaves could be acquired. This was probably part of the problem when unhappy planters revolted against the tobacco laws. There was a group of planters, according to Colonial Council "meaner sort of people." who took up arms in a conflict that became known as the Prince William Insurrection of 1732.

---The tax lists of Prince William Co., VA, for the years 1752-1753 show that Samuel was no longer a resident in the area. According to the tax lists, his brothers John II and Daniel I had possession of 100 acres apeice. It is possible, that this insurrection is the reason Samuel Shumate moved on down into South Carolina and there the surname became Shoemake (Hazel Payne Miley-LeBlanc)

T.F. von Stauffenberg wrote that he (Samuel) married Lucy Blackwell circa 1730-31 (Pages 14-16, The Shumate Family) and that Lucy was a native of Stafford County and was born in 1714. She was a daughter of Captain Samuel Blackwell and his wife, Mary Downing (Hudnall), who had lived previously in Northumberland County. Von Stauffenberg continued by writing that a deed dated in 1736 was issued in Northumberland County whereby Captain Samuel Blackwell's land was inventoried and a parcel of 100 acres was recorded as belonging to Samuel dilla Chomett.

---i. JOHN SHOEMAKE, b. Abt. 1740, South Carolina.
---ii. SAMUEL SHOEMAKE, b. Bet. 1730 - 1740; d. Abt. 1830.
---iii. MOSES SHOEMAKE, b. Abt. 1739; d. Bef. 1820.(or moved away and left his wife)
---iv. BLACKLEY SHOEMAKE, b. Bet. 1730 - 1740
---v. FEMALE SHOEMAKE, b. 1741.
---vi. FEMALE SHOEMAKE, b. 1743.
---vii. FEMALE SHOEMAKE, b. Abt. 1747.

Sources: ____________________________
Our Shoemake Roots by Jeanne Waters Strong lists birthdate as 1730/1740
shows death before 1790.(This is Samuel, son of Jean de la Chaumette/Shoemake)
1. Text: Electronic http://cgi.rootsweb.com~genbbs.cgi/family/assoc/shoemake 5/28/99
2. Text: http://www.familytreemaker.com/users/s/h/u/Ronald-D-Shumate/Gene3-0003.html
3. Text: Our Shoemake Roots by Jeanne Waters Strong Page: 16


Samuel, Jr., [II] was born between 1730-1740. At about the same time that his brothers, Blackley and John obtained patients on land in South Carolina, Samuel Shoemack on 22 January 1770 took 100 acres on Thompson Creek in Craven County, later Chesterfield County. (This was a Royal Land Grant issued by King George of England. See book 3, B, page 183 S. C. Archives at Columbia, S. C.). This would indicate that he was married but had no children at this time. It was a practice that the head of a family could receive 50 acres for each member of the household

It is said of Samuel Shoemake that "he took part as a militiaman in the American Revolution and made a claim for 34 days of pay as a private in 1783. He was paid 2 pounds. 8 shillings, 8 pence, and 3 fathings in 1785. (SC Archives, #31, 670, Book H.)"

Samuel appears in the Cheraws District, Chesterfield Co., SC. The 1790 Federal Census list Samuel living next door to his mother, (LUCY) This would have been a son of Samuel and Lucy which we shall call Samuel Shoemake [II].
1 male under 16
2 males16 and upward, including heads of household

In the 1800 Federal Census, he is listed with a wife, one son under 10, two sons 10-15, and himself being between 26 and 44. He has 1 girl under 10, and 2 girls 10-15. His son Samuel [III] lived next door with a young family. By the 1810 census Samuel III had six children under 10 years of age living at home while his wife and he were between 26 and 45 years of age. Samuel, [II] , is listed in the 1830 Federal Census living in Bledsoe County, Tennessee, over 90 years of age.

Private, South Carolina Militia.
Source: Stub Entries to Indents for Revolutionary War Claims, Book N, Claim 670, p. 356, S.C. Archives (SCDAH)
Gregg, History of the Old Cheraws, p. 413

"Samuel, II. was born between 1730-1740. At about the same time that his brothers, Blackley and John, obtained patents on land in SC. Samuel Shoemack, on January 22, 1770, took 100 acres on Thompson Creek in Craven Co., later Chesterfield Co. (SC Archives, Clolonial Plats, Volume 19, page 431)

Samuel Shoemake [II]: Issued a land grant for 100 acres situated in Craven County on Thompson Creek. This was done on January 17, 1772.

Samuel Shoemake: [II] Issued 300 acres of land in Chesterfield County, S.C., on the waters of Juniper Creek. The grant was made on May 2, 1791. (This was a state land grant).

Samuel Shoemake [II] Listed in Bledsoe Co., Tn 1830 Census. Listed as 90-100 years old. Also listed was Sarah, Thomas, Betsy (Elizabeth), house #/s 268, 290, 279, 281, 282. (Page 268) Shoemake Roots, by Jeanne Waters Strong

My Notes: Moses was listed as living in Darlington County, SC on the 1810 Federal Census for Darlington County. In 1820 he is absent. However there is a Mary living in the same county with two Males, The records show that one was under the age of 10 and the other between 10 and 15. These ages match the ages of Moses , Jr., who was born in 1808 and Morgan who was born in 1814. It is believed that she (Mary) was the wife of Moses, Sr., who no longer appears in Darlington or Chesterfield County. However, a Moses does appear in Knox County, TN area. Is she a divorced wife or a widow? We don't know at the present. Is this Moses in Knox County, TN her husband or another? I don't know at the present. Maybe future research will tell us who he is.

From: Harring Dean Shuemake chanhd@ala.net

South Carolina
Moses: The first record for Moses Shoemake is a land grant dated January 1, 1785. He paid 2 pounds, 6 shillings and 8 pence for 100 acres in Cheraws District on Black Creek. (Black Creek runs into Big Black Creek in Chesterfield County. (See Land Grants)

Moses: On April 3, 1786, Moses paid 3 pounds, 8 shillings, for 150 acres in Cheraws District near Indian Creek. (Indian Creek runs into Thompson Creek in Chesterfield County). (This too is recorded in the Record Book for State Land Grants at the State Archives in Columbia, S.C. Volume 11 p. 155) It was surveyed on the 22 day of June, 1784. It is recorded in the Archives, S.C., State Plats, Volume 3Q, p. 170

Moses: On September 2, 1793, Moses was granted 150 acres in the Cheraws District on Mountain Prong of Bear Creek which runs into Thompson Creek. The property was surveyed on March 6, 1793 (Reference - S.C. State Archives, State Plates, Vol., 31Q, Page 541) Later records were found showing that John Edward Shoemake owned land on the Mountain Prong of Bear Creek. John Edward was a great-grandson of Moses. (I personally visited the site in 1978)

Moses first appears in the Federal Census:

1800 Federal Census of Chesterfield County, and 1810 of Darlington County, South Carolina
1800 Chesterfield County, SC
Moses Shoemake

1 male 10-15
1 male 45 and Over

1810 Darlington County, SC
Moses Shoemake
1 male under 10
1 male 45 and over
1 female 26-44
After the 1810 Census, Moses disappears from the Census Rolls. In 1820 Mary Shoemake, believed to be Moses' wife appears in Darlington County, SC with 2 males in her household. The same as in the house with Moses in

1820 Darlington County, SC
Mary Shoemake
(1820) .Those in her household are:
1 male under 10 ( Believed to be Morgan born in 1814)
1 male 10-16 ( Believed to be Moses Jr. Born in 1808)
2 females under 10
1 female 26-45 (Self)
(Italics are mine)

In 1810, the son of Moses, listed as being between 10-15 is no longer living in his household. Where is he?

In 1810 there is a new person that appears in Chesterfield County. He is Abijah, listed as being between 26-44.
However, at this same time Moses has moved to Darlington County. There is an Enoch Shoemake that appears next to him. In my opinion this Enoch is the son of Moses that was with him in 1800 listed as being between 10 and 15. He is now living beside his father Moses.

Enoch Shoemake, 1810 Darlington County Census, has the following living in his household.
1 male 16-26 (Self)
1 female 16-26 (Wife)
No children are in his household.
In 1800 Moses had a son 10-15, now this son in 1810 is absent from his household, but Enoch is living next to him in Darlington County, SC., being between 16-26. This fits the age of the male in 1800. Therefore, I must conclude that Enoch is the son of Moses and Not Abijah as reported by Mrs. Jeanne Walters Strong.

Notes from Mrs. Jeanne Walters Strong, "Our Shoemake Roots" page 14, state:

"John was born about 1740. On Auggust 20, 1767, John Shoemake was granted by King George III of England, 150 acres on a brance of Thompson Creek, called Deep Creek in Craven County, now Chesterfield County, John is listed as a voter in St. David's Parish, later in the Cheraws District.

"On November 18, 1771, John bought 100 acres on both sides of Deep Creek paying 50 pounds to Benjamin Kerman."

My Research: John Shoemake of the Cheraws District claimed repayment by the government for 60 pounds, 11 shillings in 1780 for 250 bushels of corn and apples, 20 barrels of cider and peaches, and 32 gallons of brandy. He also claimes that the apple and peach orchard and corn field were destroyed on his plantation by the Continental Army in 1780. Elizabeth his widow, applied again in August 1783. Her claim was disallowed. Again in the Camden District in December 1786, Elizabeth Shoemake, administratrix of the estate of John Shoemake, decessed, applied for restitution and it was finally paid.

Source: Stub Entries to Indents for Revolutionary War Claims, Book N, Claim 671, p. 356, S.C. Archives (SCDAH)

Mrs. Strong reports: "In 1785, Elizabeth, widow claimed 23 pounds, 4 shillings, and 1 pence for privisions and a horse given to the militia in 1781 for Col. Hardin's Regiment. Her second husband, Jesse Minton, wrote to the Treasurer to expedite the repayment. On February 2, 1789 the Treasury paid 20 pounds and 5 shillings."

Mrs. Strong also reported "John and Elizabeth's son, John, paid 14 shillings for 300 acres surveyed for him on April 3, 1791 in Chesterfield County on Juniper Creek, which runs into Thompson Creek."

From: My personal research-Harring Dean Shuemake chanhd@ala.net

The 1800 census of Chesterfield County, SC shows John as having the following in his household. (This could be a seperate John from the one in Jackson County, AL).However, at this point in time it is my opinion that it is the same John.
3 males under 10
1 male 10-15
1 male 28-46 (Self)
T herefore we have 4 sons to be accounted for. Morris K. Shoemake, Marion Couty, TN listed these sons as being John Fletcher, James, William, and Robert. This was on a document filed with the US Department of Indian Affairs in 1913.

Mrs. Strong again reports that the above mentioned John Shoemake "may have been the one who appears in the 1850 Federal Census of Jackson County, Alabama. His age was 84 years, born in South Carolina, his wife's name was Ann. John Shoemake owned a 640 acre reservation (Plantation) in Jackson County which he obtained as a result of the Cherokee Treaty of 1817. This provided that any Cherokee or white man married to a Cherokee could file for and obtain a 640 acre reservation. In addition, ther heirs of John Shoemake and his wife were allowed $7,680 under a claim acted upon by the 4th Board of Commissioners under the Treaty of 1835-1836 with the Cherokees. Next door to John and Annlived a John (Jack) A. Shoemake with his wife, Elizabeth, and their son, George, and a daughter Elizabeth."

All the reports by Mrs. Strong are well documented in her book "Our Shoemake Roots" and can be taken as a true record.

I do not have documentation to substantiate the following informatiom. Other reports state that John A. Shoemake was a step-son of John. Also, it may be noted that John A. Shoemake was listed on the census roll as JACK A. SHOEMAKE.

. JOHN A. "BALLJACK"9 SHOEMAKE (JOHN8, SAMUEL7, JEAN6 DE LA CHAUMETTE, DANIEL5, JEAN4, JEAN3, ETIENNE DE2 LA CHAUMETTE, FRANCOIS DE1) was born Abt. 1766 in Craven County, South Carolina, and died 02 Nov 1852 in Crow Town, Jackson County, Alabama. He married (1) ANNA "ANNIE" THORN/BONE Abt. 1802 in Craven County, South Carolina. She was born Bet. 1771 - 1784 in South Carolina. He married (2) CAH-TAH-LA-TAH 1817 in Cherokee Nation, Alabama.

From Richard Gates - regate@peoplepc.com
(Used with permission)

Listed on 1830, 1840, and 1850 census of Jackson, Co. Al. Lived ten or twelve miles
from the town of Crow Creek, at the forks of Little Crow Creek and Big Crow Creek

American Genealogical Magazine Vol. 13 No. 4
Contents of this issue include:

Tiptoeing into History: Exploring Cherokee Heritage. By Myra Vanderpool Gormley, CG. "Tracing a Cherokee line can not always be done in a straightforward manner. While one should do the basic and traditional searches in vital records, censuses, probate and land, it is critical to learn about any tribal or government-generated records . . ." This in-depth article traces the family of John SHOEMAKE (ca. 1766-1852) of South Carolina and Alabama. He married (1) Cah-tah-la-tah, and (2) Annie THORN.








Marriage: Abt. 1802, Craven County, South Carolina

Marriage: 1817, Cherokee Nation, Alabama

---i. JOHN A.(JACK)10 SHOEMAKE, b. 1803, Cheraws District, Chesterfield County,
----- South Carolina; d. Abt. 1854, Jackson County, Alabama.

10 iii. NEE-KU-TI-HEE10 SHOEMAKE, b. Abt. 1819, Jackson County, Alabama.


BLACKLEY (8) SHOEMAKE ( SAMUEL7, JEAN6 DE LA CHAUMETTE, DANIEL5, JEAN4, JEAN3, ETIENNE DE2 LA CHAUMETTE, FRANCOIS DE1) died 1848. He married RUTH UNKNOWN. Blackley Shoemake, son of Samuel and Lucy Blackwell (Blacklie)

Blackley Shoemake - was issued a Royal Land Grant from the King of England for 200 acres situated near Rocky Creek, in the Chesterfield County area on February 22, 1771 (See Bk. 3 G. Page 281 S.C. Archives) At the time of the issue the area was in Craven County near Lynches Creek. This would indicate that he was married and had 2 children. Blackley Shoemake - (The name now appears as Blackley, an extra "e" has been added, and Shoemake, the "mack" now being changed to "make"). Blackely is issued 1,000 acres in the District of Cheraw, county of Chesterfield, on the Great Black Creek and Great and Little Rattle Snake Branches. The land was bordered by land owned by John Truberville. I have copies of these documents in hand).

CENSUS ROLL---I have in my possession, as well as Mrs.Jeanne Waters Strong records in her book "Our Shoemake Roots" regarding the 1790 Census of the Cheraws District (Chesterfield County) South Carolina, that Blackley Shoemake was listed living near his mother, Lucy. His household contained
Blackley Shoemake, 1790, (b. abt. 1730-40, d. 1834)
1 male under 16 years, and
2 males 16 years and older, (Including heads of household)
5 females.

Mrs. Jeanne Walters Strong reported the following:
He married Ruth___________. Their children were:
---1. Blackley (@1770/75-148 X Nancy___________
---2___________ X Elizabeth @1780
---3. Polly
---4. Betsy
---5. Drury (@1790-1861) X Mary/184 Melissa Johnson @1820
The names of neither of the two males listed above shows up in Knox County, TN in 1800. This leads me to believe that the names of the males that appear on various records in Knox, Anderson, and Roane Counties in Tennessee between 1800 and 1820 are not the sons of Blackley, but rather those of John and possibly Samual. See Land Grants

I have not pursued the line of Blackley as to his descendants for he moves out of the area to Ohio and it is not needful for me to trace the descendants of Moses, Samuel and John.

Shoemakes of The Georgetown District, Marion County, SC
There appeared the Shoemakes of the Georgetown District, Marion County, SC of whom it is said that some moved to Tennessee in the Sequachie Valley area. I suppose it would be helpful to trace their footsteps in order to seperate them from the descendants of Samuel and John that I am tracing.

There have been varied reports on those who left the Georgetown District and Marion County, SC area and moved to Tennessee. I have no valid information on these Shoemakes.

Below is a report given to me that I have listed for the sake of helping to identify these Shoemakes

Richard Gates has done research in the area of the Georgetown Dictrict, Marion County, SC Shoemakes and I will not attempt to list the descendants of these Shoemakes, but would suggest that one contact Mr. Gates:
Richard Gates - regate@peoplepc.com

Mr. Gates states the following:

JAMES SR.8 SHOEMAKE/SHUMATE (JOHN7 DE LA SHOEMATE, JEAN6 DE LA CHAUMETTE, DANIEL5, JEAN4, JEAN3, ETIENNE DE2 LA CHAUMETTE, FRANCOIS DE1) was born Abt. 1738 in Prince William County, Virginia, and died Bef. 1800 in Marion District, South Carolina.

Shown on 1790 Federal Census to be in Georgetown District, Prince Georges Parish, South Carolina
Shoemake, James SC GEORGETOWN DIST. 056 1790 00-00-00-00-00

1790 SHOEMAKE JAMES Georgetown County SC 056 00 00 00 00 00 Federal Population Schedule SC 1790 Federal Census Index SCS1a2778198
1790 SHOEMAKE JAMES Georgetown County SC 056 00 00 00 00 00 Federal Population Schedule SC 1790 Federal Census Index SCS1a2778200
Free Heads of Household in the 1790 South Carolina Census, by Family Name

Shoemake, James 7, Georgetown Dist., Prince Georges Parish

Shoemake, James Jr. 4, Georgetown Dist., Prince Georges Parish

Shoemake, Sampson 6, Georgetown Dist., Prince Georges Parish

Shoemake, Solomon 4, Georgetown Dist., Prince Georges Parish
"Other Free" Heads of Household in the 1800 South Carolina Census, by Family Name

Shoemake, Samson 1 "other free" Liberty Co. p.806

Shoemake, Solomon 1 "other free" Liberty Co. p.806Shoemake, James 4 "other free" Liberty Co. p.806
From Richard Gates - regate@peoplepc.com

From Richard Gates - regate@peoplepc.com

History of Old Cheraws, page 373, tells of a man named Thompson, from the Poke Swamp settlement, on the westside of the river, as he jumped the fence, found a large and powerful mulatto, Shoemake by name, pressing closely upon him, with his rifle aimed and in the act of firing. Happily for Thompson, the rifle missed fire, and before it could be adjusted, he made his escape. Twenty years later after, Thompson heard of Shoemake's going to Camden, caught him and inflicted severe punishment. This story was during Tory and Whig confrontations between 1776-1783.

James Shoemake was found on 1790 census, Georgetown Co., S.C. Listed with him are three of his sons, Sampson, James Jr, and Solomon. All are listed as "other free persons" indicating mixed or Indian blood. This was also true in the 1800 census. James Sr. appears to have been born before 1755 and to have died prior to 1800.

Another story in History of Cheraws, page 393, says:" In the fork between Lumber River and Little Pedee was a noted band of Tories, who continued to hold out against the Government, even after it became firmly establisted. Aman named Courtney, who had acted as commissary for the enemy in these parts, was particularly obnoxious to the Whigs. They had often tried to take him, but in vain. He was in the habit of going old Shoemake's, a noted Tory, and at length, this Whig party in passing found him there. Shoemake lived in a open field, and in order to make sure of Courtney, his pursuers stationed themselves at some distance around."
James Shoemake is listed in "History of the Cheraws". He is stated to be a large mulatto in the book and a well known Tory during the Revolution."One of their number, a man named Thompson, from the Poke Swamp settlement, on the west side of the river, as he jumped the fence near the creek, found a large and powerful mulatto, Shoemake by name, pressing closely upon him, with his rifle aimed and in the act of firing. Happily for Thompson, the rifle missed fire, and before it could beadjusted, he made his escape. Twenty years after, Thompson heard of Shoewmake's going to Camden, caught him on his return, and inflicted severe punishment. Peter Boseman, a valiant soldier of Liberty, who afterwards settled and died in Darlington District, was one of Murphy's party.